VISUAL ICONCLASS - Tree Layout visualization | Indented Tree Visualization | Searchable Database (coming soon) | A Thousand Masterpieces described and commented (coming soon)

Wait few seconds while data loading
Read a short presentation of Iconclass system or just click blue nodes below to expand content tree

(From Iconclass website) The unique elements of the Iconclass system are its alphanumeric classification codes, called notations. Notations always begin with one of the digits 0 - 9, corresponding with the ten main divisions of Iconclass.

Notations can be used to describe or index the subjects of visual documents regardless of the complexity of the subjects. Several notations can be used to describe complex subjects.

Every notation is part of a hierarchical structure and, as such, incorporates all of its iconographical broader terms. The text explaining the meaning of an Iconclass notation is the notation's 'textual correlate'.

Main divisions of the Iconclass classification system
The main divisions of the Iconclass system are represented by digits 0 to 9. Of these ten 'main divisions', the numbers 1 to 5 are 'general' topics, designed to comprise all the principal aspects of what can be represented. Divisions 6 through 9 accommodate 'special' topics, coherent subject matter of a narrative nature, with an emphasis on the Bible (7) and Classical Mythology (9). A tenth division, represented by the number 0, was added in 1996 at the request of Iconclass users, to accommodate abstract art.

0 Abstract, Non-representational Art
1 Religion and Magic
2 Nature
3 Human being, Man in general
4 Society, Civilization, Culture
5 Abstract Ideas and Concepts
6 History
7 Bible
8 Literature
9 Classical Mythology and Ancient History

Subdivisions: Increasing specificity
Within each division of Iconclass, definitions are organized according to a logic of increasing specificity. A main division is divided further into a maximum of nine subdivisions by adding a second digit to the right of the first one. Division 2 Nature, for example, is subdivided in the following way:
21 the four elements, and ether, the fifth element
22 natural phenomena
23 time
24 the heavens (celestial bodies)
25 earth, world as celestial body
26 meteorological phenomena
29 surrealia, surrealistic representations

The third level of specificity is attained by adding a letter in upper case. For reasons of legibility in the original printed version of Iconclass, the letter 'J' was omitted. Thus the addition of a letter permits as many as 25 subdivisions instead of 9, and it also increases the legibility of the notations.*)

*) Blank spaces on either side of the capital letter and between successive pairs of digits also provide greater legibility. However the implementation of notations with 'spaces' can be rather demanding in computer projects and has therefore been abandoned in many computer projects.

Take a look, for example, at the subdivisions of 25 earth, world as a celestial body:
25A  maps, atlases
25B  continents represented allegorically
25C  geological phenomena
25D  rock types; minerals and metals; soil types
25E  geological chronological division; historical geology
25F  animals
25G  plants; vegetation
25H  landscapes
25I   city view, and landscape with manmade constructions
25K  landscapes in the non-temperate zone, exotic landscapes
25L  cities represented allegorically or symbolically
25M  the Seven Wonders of the World
25N  fictitious countries

From the letter(s) onward, all subsequent descents in the hierarchy take place by extending the notation to the right with more digits.

The following example shows the first subdivision of 25F animals:
25F1 groups of animals
25F2 mammals
25F3 birds
25F4 reptiles
25F5 amphibians
25F6 fishes
25F7 lower animals
25F8 extinct animals
25F9 misshapen animals; monsters

Hierarchical path
The following example from division 7 Bible shows the hierarchical principle: all subsequent descents in the hierarchy take place by extending the notation to the right with more digits:
7 Bible
71 Old Testament
71H story of David
71H7 David and Bathsheba (2 Samuel 11-12)
71H71 David, from the roof (or balcony) of his palace, sees Bathsheba bathing
71H713 Bathsheba receives a letter from David
71H7131 Bathsheba (alone) with David's letter

Visual Wordnet
New! D3.js Semantic Maps!

Visual Wordnet is a semantic network based upon two projects: Wordnet, a lexical database for the English language, and D3.js (Data-Driven Documents), a JavaScript library for producing dynamic, interactive data visualizations in web browsers.

Visual Wordnet allows a visual navigation through large undirected graphs and hypergraphs consisting of vertices, which represent concepts, and edges, which represent semantic relations between concepts

Visual Iconclass
New! D3.js Tree Layout and Indented Tree Visualization!

Visual Iconclass is an art thesaurus based upon two projects: Iconclass and D3.js (Data-Driven Documents), a JavaScript library for producing dynamic, interactive data visualizations in web browsers.

Iconclass is a specialized library classification designed for art and iconography. Originally conceived by Henri van de Waal, the Iconclass system is one of the largest classification system for cultural content and possibly the largest for visual arts content.

Visual Iconclass allows a visual navigation through thousands of famous artworks, each one described and commented

Visual Roget's Thesaurus
New! D3.js Tree Layout!

Visual Roget's Thesaurus is a combination of two projects: Roget's Thesaurus and D3.js (Data-Driven Documents), a JavaScript library for producing dynamic, interactive data visualizations in web browsers.

In Roget's Thesaurus words are categorized by groups semantically related. For example the entry "Idolatry" will show us idols, demons and devils, holocausts and human sacrifices, immolations, worship of idols, pictures and relics; people who prostrate oneself before or make sacrifice to or immolate before, people prone before or in the dust before or at the feet of ...

Visual Roget's Thesaurus allows a visual navigation through word groups semantically related. D3.js allows many ways to visualize data: tree layout, word maps and so on. Monthly updates!

wordcloud generator

Online Word Cloud Generator
Paste text to automatically generate
a Word Cloud!

A word cloud is a graphical representation of word frequency. The importance of each word is shown with font size or color. This format is useful for quickly perceiving the most prominent terms and for locating a term alphabetically to determine its relative prominence.

Word Cloud Generator enables you to generate “word clouds” from text that you provide.

Dizionario visuale dei sinonimi
Naviga da una parola all'altra!

La rappresentazione sotto forma di grafi consente una migliore ricerca dei sinonimi di una parola perchè non si limita all'immediato sinonimo ma aggiunge un ulteriore livello aumentando le possibilità di esprimere meglio l'idea che si ha in mente
Prova ad usarlo subito!

Copia e incolla un testo qualsiasi e crea la tua Word Cloud!
Provalo subito!

Una word cloud o “nuvola di parole” indica una rappresentazione grafica delle parole più frequenti in un testo, ordinate in base al loro impatto visivo.

Con questo Word Cloud Generator, parole ricorrenti ma non rilevanti come preposizioni, articoli, congiunzioni vengono automaticamente escluse. Inoltre è possibile escludere altre parole a tuo piacimento. Questo semplice programma visualizzerà anche i bigrammi (ovvero le coppie di parole) più frequenti.

Tell Us What You Think...

We appreciate any feedback about your overall experience on our site or how to make it even better. Please fill in the below form with any comments and we will get back to you.

CAPTCHA refresh

User comments

Giuseppe N
Cosa è il Roget's Thesaurus?
2017-02-13 14:09:55

Johnny B
What is Iconclass?
2017-02-13 13:07:51

Lucas K
What is Visual Wordnet?
2017-02-13 12:58:29

Giuseppe Novelli
E la versione tedesca?
2017-01-30 15:36:13

Valeria Fortini
Quando inserirai anche lo spagnolo?
2017-01-30 14:49:43

Daria Bianconi
E' prevista un'altra versione più ampia per quanto riguarda la lingua italiana?
2017-01-30 14:39:28

Flavio Romano
Quali algoritmi utilizzi per le tue ricerche?
2017-01-30 14:37:14